Xi Jinping first explained his vision of the Chinese Dream on November 29, 2012, when visiting the exhibition "The Path to National Renewal. " National renewal has been the greatest dream of the Chinese people since the beginning of modern times. It is a dream that spans generations, a dream that reflects our national interests, a dream embraced by every Chinese. We will strive to complete the building of a moderately prosperous society by 2021 when the CPC celebrates its one hundredth birthday, and to make China a modern socialist country that is strong, democratic, culturally advanced, and harmonious by 2049, the one hundredth anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic. That is what our dream of national renewal is all about.
In essence, the Chinese Dream is a commitment to bring prosperity and happiness to our country, our nation and our people. It is a dream of our country, our nation, and our people. To make our dream come true, we must follow the Chinese path to development, elevate the Chinese spirit, and boost national cohesion. The Chinese Dream is a dream of peace, development, cooperation and prosperity for all, benefiting not only the Chinese people but also the people of the rest of the world. Only by staying focused on achieving real results and making sustained and unwavering efforts can we bring our dream to fruition. The Chinese Dream is not a flower reflected in a mirror or a moon reflected in water. It is not an empty slogan. The goal of the CPC corresponds to the people’s yearning for a better life and a brighter future.
Completing the Process of Building a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects
The vision of a moderately prosperous society was raised by Deng Xiaoping in the late 1970s and early 1980s，when the roadmap for China's economic and social development was being crafted. Thanks to the concerted efforts of the whole nation, the goal of a markedly improved life for the people had become a basic reality by the end of the 20th century.
Taking this into consideration, the CPC Central Committee called for a continued push to build a moderately prosperous society in all respects in its report to the 16th National Congress (held in 2002). New and more ambitious elements were subsequently added to this expanded concept at the Party's 17th National Congress (held in 2007). On the basis of what had been achieved since the Party's previous two major gatherings, the CPC Central Committee announced in its report to the 18th National Congress (in 2012) the goal of completing the process of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects by the year 2020. The 19th National Congress of the CPC held in October 2017 described the period between now and 2020 as "decisive" in completing the process.
Fulfilling this goal is a solemn pledge the CPC has made to the Chinese people and the Chinese nation. It is the first of the Two Centennial Goals, and will be another milestone on China's journey toward national rejuvenation.
While "a moderately prosperous society" sets the goal for a higher level of social-economic development, "in all respects" requires balanced, sustainable, and properly coordinated development. The latter is the harder of the two challenges. The toughest and heaviest task is to help rural areas—poor areas in particular—and the most essential and urgent task is to further unlock and develop the nation's productive forces.